"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

Are you on the verge of a diabetes diagnosis?

Higher than normal blood sugar levels put you in danger for diabetes and heart disease.

If you're hoping to avoid heart disease, it is best to probably pay close attention to your blood levels of cholesterol. But it is best to also control your blood sugar, as elevated blood sugar levels are an early warning sign of diabetes, which is certainly one of the danger aspects for heart disease.

A fasting blood sugar level of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) means you could have a standard precursor to diabetes, called prediabetes. (Normal blood sugar values ​​range from 70 to 99 mg/dL.) An estimated one in three American adults has prediabetes, although most of them don't realize it.

How does diabetes develop?

Diabetes is a disease dominated by problems with insulin, the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows cells throughout the body to soak up glucose (sugar) for energy. The most typical form, type 2 diabetes, occurs when the body becomes immune to insulin or when the pancreas stops making enough insulin.

The underlying explanation for insulin resistance shouldn’t be fully understood, but excess body fat and lack of exercise play a job. Research shows that belly fat creates hormones and other substances that trigger chronic inflammation, which contributes to insulin resistance. And several studies have linked physical inactivity to insulin resistance.

If you have got insulin resistance, your muscle, fat, and liver cells can't absorb glucose out of your blood as easily, so your blood sugar levels rise. In response, your pancreas tries to maintain up with demand by producing more insulin. But over time, the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas develop into weak. This results in pre-diabetes and eventually diabetes.

The power of deterrence

Dr. Genda says the high prevalence of adult obesity within the U.S., now about 35 percent, is essentially chargeable for the diabetes epidemic. But in case your blood sugar is high, you don't have to make drastic changes to see improvement. The Diabetes Prevention Program, a landmark study published 15 years ago, showed that cutting 150 calories a day and walking briskly for half-hour, five days every week, cut the danger of diabetes by greater than half (58%). reduces to You must also avoid refined carbohydrates, resembling white rice, foods made with white flour, and sugary foods like candy and soda. Losing weight is good but not absolutely vital.

“I tell my patients, don't be discouraged if you don't lose weight,” says Dr. Genda. If you proceed to exercise repeatedly, even in case your weight doesn’t change, your body composition will change. Losing fat and gaining muscle will improve your response to insulin, as will exercise itself. “Think of exercise as having a little extra insulin on board,” he says.

Screening advice

Starting around middle age, all adults ought to be screened for diabetes. If you have got regular checkups together with your primary care provider, you'll probably have a fasting blood sugar measurement as a part of a routine blood test. If your blood glucose is 100 to 125 mg/dL (or alternatively, HbA1c is 5.7 to six.4), your doctor will likely repeat the test in just a few weeks. If the outcomes are the identical and you have got been diagnosed with prediabetes, redouble your efforts to stop progression to diabetes. Diabetes not only increases your risk of heart disease and stroke, but it may well also damage your kidneys, nerves, and eyes.

Healthy weight loss plan and exercise habits must also improve your blood pressure and cholesterol values. If your fasting blood sugar values ​​fully meet the factors for diabetes (126 mg/dL or higher), national guidelines recommend that you just take a statin, no matter whether your cholesterol Don't get high.

What about reports that taking statins may increase an individual's risk of diabetes? It's true that many studies have shown a slight increase in recent cases of diabetes after people take statins, Dr. Genda says. However, based on shared lifestyle or genetic risk aspects, those people may have already got diabetes. And overall, the advantages of taking statins far outweigh the danger of diabetes. “Preventing heart disease is more important than preventing diabetes,” says Dr. Genda.

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