"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

Symptoms, causes, treatments of schizoid personality disorder

People with personality disorders have long had inflexible patterns of thought and behavior that deviate from what society considers normal. Their differences cause stress and might interfere with work, school, relationships, and other features of life.

Unlike individuals with anxiety or depressive disorders who know they’ve an issue but have difficulty controlling it, individuals with personality disorders are sometimes unaware that they’ve an issue and don’t consider they’ll control anything. Therefore, they might never seek treatment.

An absence of interest in people and relationships is the central characteristic of schizoid personality disorder. If you’ve gotten this disorder, others may perceive you as aloof, distant, and unemotional. You probably prefer to spend your time alone.

How common is schizoid personality disorder?

Different studies come to different numbers. Some researchers report that fewer than 1 in 100 people suffer from this disorder, others find it in almost 5 in 100 people. It will be difficult to get the numbers exactly because so few individuals with this disorder seek treatment.

Schizoid personality disorder vs. schizophrenia

Although their names sound similar they usually share some common symptoms, schizoid personality disorder just isn’t the identical as schizophrenia.

People with schizophrenia lose touch with reality, often seeing and hearing things that are usually not there (hallucinations) and believing things that are usually not true (delusions). They have a really disorganized way of pondering and acting that may get in the best way of all features of life.

People with schizoid personality disorder wouldn’t have hallucinations or delusions. Many can function fairly well so long as they stay out of situations that require numerous interaction with other people.

Schizotypal vs. schizoid disorders

Schizoid personality disorder can be different from schizotypal personality disorder. People with schizotypal personality disorder feel extremely uncomfortable around other people. They will be very suspicious of others, may speak and behave strangely, and will consider that they’ve special powers, equivalent to the flexibility to read other people's minds. Some later develop schizophrenia.

People with schizoid personality disorder often organize their lives in such a way that they avoid contact with other people.

Common features include:

  • Do not desire or enjoy close relationships, even with members of the family
  • Choose jobs and activities that permit you to have peace of mind
  • Enjoyment of few activities
  • Not wanting or having fun with sex with other people
  • Not having close friends
  • He doesn't appear to care about praise or criticism
  • Show little emotion
  • There is a scarcity of drive to attain goals

Little is understood in regards to the causes of schizoid personality disorder, but each genetics and environment likely play a task.

For example, a few of the many genes involved in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders might also be involved in schizoid personality disorder. Your risk is higher if you’ve gotten a parent or other relative who has schizoid personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, or schizophrenia.

Some mental health experts speculate that a bleak childhood that lacked warmth and emotion might also contribute to the event of the disorder.

Personality disorders will be difficult to diagnose. You don't develop your personality or a personality disorder overnight. Instead, it develops throughout childhood and beyond, with features often becoming more pronounced and obvious as one reaches the late teens or early maturity.

If you choose to hunt help, it might be because another person is pushing you to accomplish that, or because you might be frightened or depressed about how your differences are affecting your life.

Your first port of call may very well be a GP who can take your medical history and perform a physical examination. If the doctor doesn't find a transparent cause on your symptoms, she or he may recommend that you just see a psychologist or psychiatrist.

The psychologist will have a look at your history and ask you some questions on your childhood, your work history and your relationships. They may also try to find out whether you might be experiencing hallucinations and delusions that may result in a diagnosis apart from schizoid personality disorder. They might also consult with your members of the family or other people you already know well.

While there isn’t any one-size-fits-all schizoid personality test, you possibly can fill out questionnaires that may help the doctor determine whether you could have the disorder or one other problem. Conditions which will experience a few of the same symptoms include other personality disorders and autism spectrum disorders. Depression may also temporarily cause similar symptoms.

If you seek treatment, you’ll most probably be offered a type of psychotherapy – talk therapy.

This can take various forms, including:

Individual sessions with a therapist who will take heed to you and enable you to work toward goals, equivalent to improving relationships. You and the therapist may use a method called cognitive behavioral therapy, which helps people change their beliefs and behavior.

Group sessions Here you possibly can work with others to learn and practice latest social skills.

There isn’t any medication for schizoid personality disorder, but should you are depressed or anxious, you might be given medication for these problems.

The biggest complication of the disorder is the dearth of social contact, which might affect many features of life.

However, individuals with this disorder are inclined to cope higher than individuals with other personality disorders, who’re generally at higher risk for suicide and drug and alcohol abuse.

If you’ve gotten schizoid personality disorder, your behavior may worry others. However, you might find ways to operate effectively in on a regular basis life even without forming meaningful relationships. Studies suggest that you just are less prone to have problems finding or keeping a job in comparison with individuals with other personality disorders. However, you might develop anxiety or depression. Diagnosis and treatment can enable you to cope higher and may also help your loved ones and others around you understand your behavior.

Can schizoid personality disorder be prevented?

There isn’t any known strategy to prevent the disorder because the causes are unclear.

At what age does schizoid personality disorder begin?

The disorder probably has its roots in childhood. The typical features normally appear in late teens or early maturity.

Does schizoid personality disorder worsen with age?

There isn't much research on how personality disorders change over the course of life. Some research suggests that individuals with schizoid personality disorder develop into more withdrawn and anxious as they age. Certain challenges related to poor health, equivalent to: Some problems, equivalent to having to share a room in a hospital or nursing home, could also be particularly difficult for you if you’ve gotten this disorder.