"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

What causes alopecia areata and might you treat such a hair loss?

Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss and comes from the Greek word alōpekía, which refers back to the skin condition, mange, in foxes. Alopecia areata Causes a novel pattern of hair loss that differs from the more common age-related pattern in men and ladies. hair loss.

It can be The most common autoimmune disease (when the body's immune system attacks its own tissues), more common than insulin-dependent diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis or thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland).


Alopecia areata affects people of all ages, including young children. It produces circular patches of hair loss that appear overnight. More patches appear over time and eventually about 5% of affected people lose every hair on their body. This includes eyebrows, eyelashes and even nose hair. In some people, the hair grows back, either in the identical place or on a previously unaffected a part of the scalp or body.

If alopecia areata is most typical. Autoimmune Disease, why most individuals have never heard of it?

There are two possible reasons. One is that it’s embarrassing and disturbing. Wherever possible, people attempt to hide it with clever hairstyles and cosmetic camouflage. The second reason is that it often comes and goes, and once it's gone people will forget they ever had it.

So people only see severe cases where people have lost all their hair. Even then, people may misunderstand the condition of hair loss after chemotherapy.

Alopecia areata cycles normally come and go.
Duncan Kramer/Flickr, CC BY

The pain will be severe, especially in boys whose short hair makes it difficult to cover bald spots. suicide Alopecia areata is more common in young boys than a condition that affects our appearance quite than our physical health.


Alopecia areata occurs when the body's immune system attacks hair follicles as foreign. This causes hair fall. This particular type of Autoimmunity A lifelong tendency that will be inherited from either parent.

It's what geneticists call a “complex polygenic disease,” meaning it's brought on by interactions between multiple genes, versus a mutation in a single gene. greater than that 17 genes are related to alopecia areata and scientists expect more genes to be discovered.

Although your genes are just about set from birth, alopecia areata tends to return and go, especially within the early stages. It suggests that something in the environment triggers the person. Episodes.

Doctors, patients and their families have hunted down this elusive trigger in hopes that its discovery will allow people to avoid relapse. However, no satisfactory weight loss plan or lifestyle changes have been shown to change the danger of relapse.

While people make regular accusations. Stress As a trigger, in my experience treating patients, the condition causes stress.

Current treatment

For 40 years, little progress has been made in its treatment. Mild cases normally reply to cortisone injections into the balding scalp. Cortisone suppresses inflammation and prevents white blood cells from attacking the hair follicle and promotes hair regrowth.

Some patients reply to cortisone pills or other anti-inflammatory pills, but results are on no account guaranteed. Some doctors are reluctant to prescribe these drugs for fear of uncomfortable side effects reminiscent of weight gain, mood disturbances, diabetes, hypertension and an increased risk of infection.

Severe cases, where the scalp is totally bald (called alopecia areata tulis) or where all of the hair on the body is gone (called alopecia areata universalis), rarely clear up without treatment. These kinds of hair loss are everlasting or everlasting.

For the tens of millions of individuals all over the world affected by Areas of alopecianothing has helped and for many individuals wigs are the one option.

For many individuals, wigs are the one option.
LWP Communications/Flickr, CC BY

Future treatments

Many of the 17 genes related to alopecia areata are involved in a selected inflammatory pathway called JAK/STAT pathway. Drugs targeting this pathway, generally known as JAK inhibitors or JAKs, have already been developed or can be found, but for other conditions.

Some JAK inhibitors are already available on prescription in Australia, Europe and the USA to treat other diseases reminiscent of rheumatoid arthritis and myelofibrosis (a blood disorder). But in Australia and elsewhere they are usually not yet approved to be used within the treatment of alopecia areata.

Clinical trials They are being conducted to see if the drugs work in patients with alopecia areata, who would particularly profit essentially the most, and to see if the treatment's advantages outweigh the risks.

Adverse effects JAK inhibitors which have been identified to date include stomach upset, increased chest and skin infections, and transaminitis (changes in liver function seen in blood tests). Mild skin and upper respiratory tract infections have been reported in 25% of patients. Very few patients with alopecia areata decide to stop the medication because of this of uncomfortable side effects. Nevertheless, patients receiving these drugs require close medical supervision.