"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

What is self-harm disorder?

Self-injury, also referred to as self-injury, self-mutilation or just cutting, is any intentional injury to 1's own body. Typically, self-injury leaves marks or causes tissue damage. Self-harm can include any of the next behaviors:

  • Cut
  • Burning (or “burning” with hot objects)
  • Excessive piercing or tattooing
  • Picking on the skin or reopening wounds
  • Hair pulling (trichotillomania)
  • Headbanging
  • Hitting (with hammer or other object)
  • Bone-breaking

Most individuals who self-harm achieve this alone somewhat than in groups. They also attempt to hide their behavior.

Self-harm occurs in all areas; Behavior isn’t restricted by education, age, race, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status or religion. However, self-harm is more common in:

  • Adolescent women
  • People who’ve suffered physical, emotional or sexual abuse previously
  • People who also suffer from substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive disorder or eating disorders
  • Individuals who often grew up in families that prohibited the expression of anger
  • Individuals who lack the talents to specific their emotions and a great social support network

Self-harm often occurs when people experience seemingly overwhelming or distressing feelings. It will also be an act of rebel and/or rejection of fogeys' values ​​and a type of individualization. Sufferers may feel that self-harm is a possibility:

  • Temporary relief from intense feelings, pressure or anxiety
  • A way of controlling and managing pain – versus pain resulting from physical or sexual abuse or trauma
  • Providing a solution to break through emotional numbness (the self-anesthesia that permits someone to chop without feeling pain)
  • Asking for help or drawing attention to the necessity for assist in an indirect way
  • Attempting to influence others by manipulating them, making them care about them, making them feel guilty, or making them disappear

Self-harm will also be an expression of an individual's self-hatred. Some self-harmers punish themselves for having strong feelings that they weren’t normally allowed to specific as children. They might also punish themselves for being someway bad and undeserving. These feelings are a results of abuse and the idea that the abuse was deserved.

Although a self-inflicted injury may end up in life-threatening harm, it isn’t considered suicidal behavior.

Symptoms of self-harm include:

  • Frequent cuts and burns that can’t be explained
  • Self-punching or scratching
  • Needle is stuck
  • Headbanging
  • Eye-squeezing
  • Finger or arm biting
  • Pulling your hair out
  • Picking on the skin

Signs that an individual could also be self-harming include:

  • Wear pants and long sleeves in warm weather
  • The appearance of lighters, razors, or sharp objects that one wouldn’t expect to have in an individual's possession
  • Low self-esteem
  • Difficulty coping with feelings
  • relationship problems
  • Poor performing at work, school, or home

If an individual shows signs of self-harm, a psychologist with experience in self-harm ought to be consulted. This person could make an assessment and recommend treatment. Self-harm generally is a symptom of a psychiatric illness including:

  • Personality disorders (especially borderline personality disorder)
  • Substance use disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Major depression
  • Anxiety disorders (especially obsessive-compulsive disorder)
  • schizophrenia

Treatment for self-harm may include:

  • Psychotherapy: Counseling will be used to assist an individual stop harming themselves.
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT): DBT is a gaggle and individual-oriented treatment program that helps people higher manage self-destructive impulses (e.g., self-harm), learn ways to higher tolerate stress, and acquire latest coping skills through techniques reminiscent of mindfulness.
  • Post-traumatic stress therapies: These will be helpful for self-harmers who’ve experienced abuse or incest previously.
  • Group therapy: Talking about your condition in a gaggle with individuals with similar issues will be helpful in reducing the shame related to self-harm and supporting healthy expression of emotions.
  • Family therapy: This style of therapy addresses family stress related to behavior and can assist members of the family learn to speak more directly and openly with each other.
  • Hypnosis and other self-relaxation techniques: These approaches are helpful in reducing the stress and tension that always precede self-injury.
  • Medication: Antidepressants. Low-dose antipsychotics or anti-anxiety medications could also be used to scale back the initial impulsive response to emphasize.

The prognosis for self-injurious behavior depends upon an individual's emotional or psychological state and the style of underlying psychiatric illness. It is essential to discover the aspects that result in an individual's self-harming behavior and to acknowledge and treat pre-existing personality disorders.